Comparison of moderate-intensity continuous training and high-intensity interval training effects on the Ido1-KYN-Ahr axis in the heart tissue of rats with occlusion of the left anterior descending artery

Myocardial infarction (MI) affects many molecular pathways in heart cells, including the Ido1-KYN-Ahr axis. This pathway has recently been introduced as a valuable therapeutic target in infarction. We examined the effects of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the axis in the heart tissue of male Wistar rats with occluded left anterior descending (OLAD). Thirty rats (age 10–12 weeks, mean weight 275 ± 25 g) were divided into five groups with 6 animals: Control (Ct) group, MICT group, rats with OLAD as MI group, rats with OLAD treated with MICT (MIMCT group) and rats with OLAD treated with HIIT (MIHIIT group). Rats performed the training protocols for 8 weeks, 5 days a week. HIIT included 7 sets of 4 min running with an intensity of 85–90% VO2max and 3 min of recovery activation between sets. MICT included continuous running at the same distance as HIIT with an intensity of 50–60% VO2max for 50 min. The expressions of Ahr, Cyp1a1, and Ido1 were assayed by real-time PCR. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Kynurenine levels, and AHR, CYP1A1, and IDO1 proteins were detected using ELISA. Data were analyzed using the ANOVA and MANOVA tests. Compared to the CT group, MI caused an increase in all studied factors, but only statistically significant (P < 0.05) for MDA and IDO1. With a greater effect of HIIT, both protocols significantly lowered the proteins expressions in the MIHIIT and MIMCT groups, compared with the MI group (P < 0.001). In healthy rats, only AHR protein significantly decreased in the MICT group compared to the Ct group (P < 0.05). HIIT and MICT protocols significantly reduced the gene and protein expression of Cyp1a1 (P < 0.05) and Ido1 (P < 0.01), and HIIT had a greater effect. In conclusion, both protocols were effective at reducing the levels of Ido1-Kyn-Ahr axis components and oxidative stress in the infarcted heart tissue and HIIT had a higher significant effect.